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A Beginner's Guide to Ramadan

by Musa Bukhari

Ramadan, Simplified

Ramadan is a holy month in the Muslim calendar, whereby Muslims fast from sunrise to sunset for around 29-30 days. As well as fasting, Muslims are obliged to abstain from specific desires such as sexual intimacy. Ramadan is also one of the five pillars in Islam.

The Prophet (May Allah’s peace and blessings be upon him) said, "Fasting is a shield (or a screen or a shelter). So, the person observing fasting should avoid sexual relation with his wife and should not behave foolishly and impudently, and if somebody fights with him or abuses him, he should tell him twice, 'I am fasting." The Prophet added, "By Him in Whose Hands my soul is, the smell coming out from the mouth of a fasting person is better in the sight of Allah than the smell of musk. (Allah says about the fasting person), 'He has left his food, drink and desires for My sake. The fast is for Me. So I will reward (the fasting person) for it and the reward of good deeds is multiplied ten times." (Bukhari)

Suhoor & Iftar Explained

Suhoor refers to the meal eaten just before sunrise, before starting the fast. Iftar refers to the meal eaten at sunset when breaking the fast. Muslims are strongly advised to eat both of these meals.

The Prophet (saw) said, “There are two occasions of joy for a fasting person: one when he breaks his fast, and the other when he meets his Lord, and the (bad) breath (of a fasting person) is better in the sight of Allah than the fragrance of musk.” [Al-Bukhari]

Why is Ramadan SO Special?

Ramadan is a month of unity. Muslims across the globe fast in this month together. Ramadan also brings out a person's potential good, by displaying kind acts towards others. Through organising iftar gatherings, charity events and appeals, long night prayers in congregation and much more, this month helps to gather people from all walks of life.

Ramadan is also divided into three parts, which Muslims strive to take maximum benefit from. During the first ten days, there is a focus on asking for mercy from Allah (swt). The second ten days are focused on asking for forgiveness from Allah (swt). During the last ten days, Muslims focus on seeking refuge in Allah (swt) from the hellfire. Muslims look forward to these benefits, as it is a chance to spiritually cleanse themselves, making them spiritually pure with potentially fewer sins after they come out of Ramadan.

Additionally, Ramadan is seen as ‘the month of the Qur’an,’ which encourages Muslims to appreciate this Book more by reciting and deriving lessons from Allah (swt)’s noble words.

Why is Ramadan so Powerful for a Believer?

Ramadan changes a person for the better. Being unable to eat and drink during fasting hours allows us to appreciate what Allah (swt) blesses us with each and every day. This makes Muslims turn to Allah (swt) more, full of gratitude. The shaytaan are locked away in this month, which prevents their negative whispering to Muslims. Bad language, arguments and other negative actions are heavily discouraged in Ramadan too. In turn, the good in the fasting person is revealed in volumes and adds positively to the joyous, spiritual atmosphere.

The Prophet  occupied the greatest and most honourable rank among generous people. He never sent away a person in need or a person who asked him for something. He gave generously without limit, which is rarely found. A Bedouin spoke of such generosity when he went to the Prophet  and saw a herd of sheep that filled the whole valley. The generosity of the Prophet  made the Bedouin aspire for all the sheep in the valley, so he asked him for them and the Prophet  gave them to him. The man returned to his people and said, “O people! Embrace Islam. By Allah, Muhammad gives in charity as if he does not fear poverty.” [Muslim]

Why is Ramadan Considered so Sacred?

Allah  says, “O mankind, worship your Lord, who created you and those before you, that you may become righteous.” [Qur'an: 2:21]

In Ramadan, every good deed is multiplied between ten and seven hundred times. This is another reason why Muslims engross themselves into doing good to race for an increase in good deeds.

`A’ishah (May Allah be pleased with her) reported: The Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings be upon him) used to strive more in worship during Ramadan than he strove in any other time of the year; and he would devote himself more (in the worship of Allah) in the last ten nights of Ramadan than he did in the earlier part of the month. (Muslim).

Why is Charity Given Eagerly in Ramadan?

“Allah, the Exalted, says, ‘Spend, O son of Adam, and I shall spend on you.’” – Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) (Al-Bukhari and Muslim).

There is a chance for immense reward and forgiveness from Allah (swt) in this month, which makes Muslims work towards gaining these benefits. Giving to charity is one gateway that leads to great rewards. For this reason, you will find many Muslims immerse themselves in both giving to charity and encouraging others to donate. Since deeds are multiplied, Muslims acknowledge that every penny that they donate magnifies on their scale of good deeds.

The Prophet (s) said, “Upper hand is better than the lower hand. The upper hand is the hand of a giver, and the lower hand is the hand of a beggar.” (Bukhari)

Can Non-Muslims Take Part in Ramadan?

Of course. As mentioned before, Ramadan is a time of unity, thus getting others involved helps achieve this aim. This is also a chance to exhibit Islam, displaying our peaceful religion and how we work and strive to worship Allah (swt) as one Ummah.

Inviting non-Muslims for an iftar meal will give them a chance to learn more about our religion. This will also help them feel special and included and will show non Muslims the beauty of Islam through manners.

“Nothing is heavier on the Scale of Deeds than one’s good manners.” [Tirmidhi]

Some Muslims feed the homeless as an act of charity during Ramadan. These homeless people can be non-Muslims, thus are appreciative and educated that Islam doesn’t restrict itself to just helping Muslims. Non-Muslims can also be invited to charity events to join in with the goodness of raising money for those most in need, acknowledging humanity and the precarious environment we inhabit.

What is Eid-al-Fitr?

Eid-al-Fitr is celebrated at the end of Ramadan upon the sighting of the new moon. This joyous festival lasts for three days.

During Eid-al-Fitr, in accordance to the Sunnah, Muslims wake up early, have a shower and wear their best clothes. They are then advised to eat a date (in odd numbers) and attend the mosque to perform the Eid prayer. Muslims also contribute towards charity on this day, as well as greeting one and another, ‘Eid Mubarak!’ This festival also encourages Muslims to unite by visiting family and friends and exchanging gifts.

As seen from the above, Ramadan isn’t solely focused on going hours without eating. The yearning one has for Ramadan to enter upon us is due to the unity, spiritual cleansing and immense reward this month has to offer.

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